The EUPOL Rule of Law Component operates within the framework set by its mandate (support linkages and appropriate interaction between the police and the wider criminal justice system) and the three Rule of Law (RoL) related strategic objectives (Anti-Corruption, Human Rights and Gender, Police-Justice Cooperation).
The RoL Component educates, through training and mentoring, Afghan police, prosecutors, defence lawyers and judges in Kabul and the provinces on the legitimate confines of police power and on policing principles in line with international standards and on laws that otherwise allow supervision and accountability of the police. In addition, it places great emphasis on enhancing cooperation and coordination procedures between police and prosecutors during investigations, with the ultimate goal of improving the delivery of justice through professionally performed investigations and evidence based indictments, and hence of improving public trust in, and ensuring continuous recourse to, the formal Afghan justice system.
The RoL Component is located at Kabul Headquarters and staffed by international civilian and police experts and Afghan legal, language and administrative officers. The RoL Component is composed of three departments (Justice Department, Anti-Corruption Department and Human Rights & Gender Department) and coordinates its activities and projects with the RoL advisers operating in EUPOL’s Field Offices in Kabul, Mazar-e Sharif and Herat.
·         Mentors the MoI Inspector General’s Office (IGO), including Professional Standards Department, Investigation Department and Mobile Anti-Corruption Teams; mentors the Monitoring and Internal Control Department within AGO; mentors, monitors and advises the Attorney General’s Office (AGO) Anti-Corruption Departments (both Civilian and Military);
·         Provides specialised training for MoI/Afghan National Police (ANP), including the IGO and Major Crime Task Force;
·         Mainstreamed anti-corruption into all training courses developed by EUPOL and delivered to the mainstreaming courses to ANP;
·         Deliver joint workshops for Senior MoI and AGO staff;
·         Facilitates and monitoring the MoI - IGO and AGO cooperation and cases flow. Assisting in development and implementation of Case Management System - CMS (together with other international actors);
·         Supports the enforcement the Police Code of Conduct through assisting in improved Police Discipline procedures;
·         Supports enhance the awareness and knowledge of procurement procedures within the MoI and AGO, inter alia by initiating a National Procurement Conference;
·         Supported anti-corruption media campaigns and days of action.
·         Supports the capacity-building within the MoI Human Rights, Women’s and Children’s Affairs Directorate;
·         Delivers “Human Rights and Police” training;
·         Has produced a “Child Rights and Policing” booklet, distributed in 100.000 copies, and of a related Train-the-Trainers package;
·         Produced an educational video on “Child Rights and Policing”;
·         Supports the capacity-building within the Office of the  PoliceOmbudsman/Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission;
·         Supports the MoI to develop and implement the comprehensive “Female Police Strategy” and assists in increasing the retention rates and a sustainable recruitment of female police;
·         Supports the AGO to develop a Gender Policy and Strategy.
·         Promotes cooperation and coordination procedures and practices between police and other justice actors through the Police Prosecutors Cooperation Manual – the first resource jointly drafted and ratified by all Afghan law enforcement and justice actors –  and the delivery of Cooperation of Police and Prosecutors (CoPP, in cooperation with GIZ), Justice and Criminal Procedure training to students from all 34 provinces;
·         Strengthening Legal Aid – Interaction between the Police and the Legal Aid System and general capacity-building (in cooperation with GIZ);
·         Participation in the Criminal Law Reform Working Group ( drafting the new Afghan Penal Code) and Criminal Procedure Code Working Group (elaborate a CPC manual to ensure a consistent application and implement the new CPC within Afghanistan)
·         Technical legal assistance to Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Justice,  Afghan National Assembly  on laws related with EUPOL mandate;
·         Mentoring the MoI Legal Advisor’s Office and Legal Affairs General Department;
·         Legal support for the management of police detention facilities;
·         Mentoring the MoI Military Prosecutors’ Office;
·         Mentoring the Criminal Law Division at the Ministry of Justice Establishment of a Continuing Professional Development Department within the AGO. 
During 2014, more than 1000 students, originating from both MoI and the Justice Institutions will be receiving EUPOL RoL training. A relevant aspect is represented by the increased use of Afghan trainers – a step further towards sustainability and Afghan ownership.