EUPOL’s mandate is to contribute to the establishment of sustainable and effective civil policing arrangements that will ensure appropriate interaction with the wider criminal justice system under Afghan ownership.
Its Rule of Law Component works towards this goal through focused mentoring and training activities in the areas of police-justice cooperation, anti-corruption, and human rights & gender. More than 70 national and international legal experts serve under the Rule of Law Component, located in Kabul and in EUPOL’s field offices. In discharging their functions, the EUPOL Rule of Law experts closely cooperate with the Afghan government and other international actors in support of agreed justice reform strategies.
Police-Justice Cooperation
EUPOL places great emphasis on enhancing cooperation and coordination procedures between police and prosecutors in investigations, with the ultimate goal of improving the delivery of justice through professionally performed investigations, and hence of improving public trust in, and ensuring continuous recourse to, the formal Afghan justice system. It has provided major support to the establishment of an Afghan-developed Police-Prosecutor Cooperation Manual, which is used in EUPOL CoPP-Trainings targeting over 600 regional police officers and prosecutors, as well as in other EUPOL training initiatives. EUPOL also provides advisory and mentoring support to the Ministry of Justice’s Taqneen, Legal Aid, Planning, Policy and Foreign Affairs Departments, to the Attorney General’s office Planning, Policy and Foreign Affairs Department, and to the MoI’s Legal Advisor’s Office and Legal Affairs Department. It assists the MoI/ANP, MoJ and AGO in improving their training and performance capabilities in RoL areas and regularly trains justice actors, jointly with police or individually, in areas of identified need.
EUPOL RoL aims to contribute to effective, credible and sustainable anti-corruption detection and investigative capabilities within the Ministry of Interior and the Attorney General’s Office. In particular, it aims to enhance the relationship between MoI anti-corruption investigators and the AGO’s anti-corruption prosecutors, and to achieve a year on year increase on the number of police corruption cases that are forwarded to the AGO for consideration of court proceedings. EUPOL RoL trains and mentors the Anti-Corruption Units which were established at the MoI and the AGO, monitoring their work, case management system and the overall progress in the fight against corruption.
Human Rights and Gender
EUPOL RoL are developing and implementing projects to eliminate violence against women and to educate the police on the legitimate confines of police power and on policing standards in line with international standards and on laws that otherwise allow supervision and accountability of the police. In close cooperation with the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, EUPOL RoL has been supporting the national authorities in establishing the Office of the Police Ombudsman and the Department of Human Rights and Gender at the Police Academy. EUPOL also mentors the Director of Gender and Human Rights Department at the MoI.